How to Use a
How to Pour a Mold
Color Wheel - How to choose a
How to use Dipping Glaze
Semantics in Ceramics
Which Type of Paint should I
Read the following general review of glazes and
underglazes to determine which type of paint to use on your ceramic
Note: 1oz glaze covers approximately 30 square
One 6" x 6" tile uses less than 1oz underglaze and just a bit more
than one ounce glaze. One 8" x 8" tile uses almost 2oz glaze.
Think of painting your ceramics as working in 2 steps
Step 1. Clean and paint on/or fire your greenware. Painting on
greenware requires an appropriate underglaze. Fire greenware to cone
Step 2. Paint an underglaze on bisque and cover with clear glaze, then
fire. Or paint glaze on bisque and fire. Fire glazed ware to cone 05 or cone
06. Look at bottle label to be sure.
Optional - Step 3. Apply Mother of
Pearl or Gold Luster over fired glaze and fire. Be sure to check for
appropriate cone. (i.e. Mother of Pearl fires to cone 020, Golds fire to cone
018 or 019.
Optional - Step 4. Apply decal(s) over fired glaze and fire. Be
sure to check for appropriate cone.
As the name implies this is a non-flowing (during
firing), usually non-shiny paint that goes under a glaze.
If you are painting on greenware
~ If you prefer to detail paint on greenware you
should use an underglaze. CoverCoats opaque underglazes, EZ Strokes Translucent
underglazes or Western UG underglazes are ideal for this application.
CoverCoats and UGs are applied to cleaned greenware and absorbed into
the clay. Since they are clay-based paints they literally become part of the
clay body during firing. CoverCoats and UGs require three coats for complete
opaque coverage and can be used to color large areas. So, you could paint your
teapot with 3 coats of CC118 Black , then paint flowers and leaves in white and
other colors over the black (3 coats on flowers and leaves) and the black will
not show through. CoverCoats can be tinted using EZ Strokes or other
CoverCoats, to create unique custom colors. Or paint 3 coats of a CoverCoats or
Western UG color on greenware, then sgraffito (gently scratch through the color
to reveal the clay color underneath) a design onto your piece. When piece is to
your liking, bisque fire to cone 04.
Note: Some CoverCoats can be painted on bisque. However,
it should be noted that after CoverCoats application the piece must be fired to
cone 04 to 'set' the paint and make it adhere to the bisque. Then is should be
glazed and fired to cone 06.
EZ Strokes are translucent and very reminiscent of
painting with watercolors. They can be used alone on greenware or bisque, and
can be used over CoverCoats for shading and detail work. EZ Strokes can also be
used with Concepts Underglaze for Bisque. Remember that E-Z Strokes are like
working with watercolors and are very translucent. Brush strokes are highly
visible. E-Z Strokes can also be used to 'antique' your ceramic piece. Just
wash the watered-down color onto the detailed areas of your piece (greenware or
bisque), then sponge off the high sections and smooth areas, leaving the color
just in the crevices. And lastly, EZ Strokes can be painted on over your
unfired glaze (which has been applied to bisque) for a Majolica look.
If you are
painting on bisque ~ If you prefer to detail paint on
bisque you should use Concepts Underglazes for Bisque or Stroke n Coats
Wonderglaze for Bisque. The first coat is translucent, the second is
semi-opaque, the third gives full opaque coverage. If you apply three coats you
don't have to put a clear glaze over this product as it will be shiny. However,
if any of your bisque shows through you will need clear glaze to seal the item.
Also, underglazes for bisque are not considered to be safe for dinnerware until
they are sealed with clear glaze. You can use either Concepts Clear Dipping
Glaze - CN2000D, IN1001 Envisions Clear brush-on or PB2639 Pure Brilliance
brush-on glaze - over Concepts.
Both EZ Strokes and Concepts are great
for Majolica design. Simply cover your bisque with three smooth, even coats of
white satin glaze, drying between each coat. Paint your design onto the white
glaze with either EZ Strokes, Concepts or Stroke n Coat, then fire to cone
Continue to page 2 for information on applying
Page 2 -
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