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Ceramics 101


Duncan Clear Glazes

Duncan CN2000D - Concepts dipping glaze - for use over Concepts Underglaze for Bisque. Safe for food containers.
Duncan IN1001 - Envision Clear - for use over nontoxic underglazes and bisque. Flows very little during firing so apply evenly. Two coat coverage, safe for food containers.
Duncan PB2639 - Pure Brilliance - brillian shine for use over nontoxic underglazes and bisque. Flows very little during firing so apply evenly. Two coat coverage, safe for food containers.
Discontinued - Duncan GL612 - Diamond Clear - Brilliant clear gloss with extra clarity. For use with leaded or nontoxic underglazes and bisque. Covers with 2 - 3 smooth coats. Safe for food containers.
Duncan SN351 - Satin Clear glaze - gives a modest sheen to nontoxic underglazes and bisque. Flows little during firing. Two coat coverage, safe for food containers.
Duncan CR800 - Clear Crackle glaze - random hairline cracks form after the firing of this nontoxic glaze. Applies only to outer surfaces and to decorative surfaces. Not for use on food containers. Two coat coverage.
Mayco S2101 - Crystal Clear - for use over nontoxic underglazes and bisque. Flows very little during firing so apply evenly. Two coat coverage, safe for food containers.
Western 2000 - Clear - for use over nontoxic underglazes and bisque. Flows very little during firing so apply evenly. Two coat coverage, safe for food containers.


I'm new at ceramics and so confused! What is the difference in all this stuff??


Nontoxic Fired Glazes ~
are glazes that are deemed safe for use by children, pregnant women, older people and anyone who is health conscious. Non-toxic glazes do not contain lead, cadmium or other chemicals that are considered toxic to the human body.

Duncan Crackle glazes are special effect glazes which crackle and craze giving an antique look to your finished ceramic piece. After firing you may wash the piece with dark acrylic color to show the crackles to their best advantage. When color is washed into all cracks, wipe the surface with a clean damp cloth to remove remaining color and leave the glaze shiny. Not recommended for use on food containers due to crackled surface.

Duncan Crystal glazes are beautiful glazes full of colored crystals which flow during firing. Paint the glaze on the ceramic bisque for the first two coats, then stir in the crystals for the final coat. Place more crystals near the top of the piece and fewer near the bottom where they may run off. Not recommended for food containers due to uneven surface which may harbor bacteria.

Duncan Envision glazes are safe for dinnerware and other food containers. They come in a variety of both translucent and opaque colors, and flow very little during firing. Three coats of Envision glazes must be applied with even strokes to completely seal and avoid brushstrokes in the final product. Use Envision glazes on plates, bowls, cups, cannisters, teapots, etc.

Duncan French Dimensions come in squeeze tubes for ease of application. They are non-moving and produce a raised effect over and under non-moving glazes. Great for creating a 'stained glass' effect. Paint your design outline on greenware, and fire to cone 04. Then 'fill-in' the design with Envision glazes and fire to cone 06. Fun, easy and so beautiful!

Duncan Satin glazes produce a soft sheen, not the hard shine so common in ceramics. Some are transparent, but most are opaque. Satin glazes are safe for food containers.

Mayco Crystalite glazes with beautiful flowing crystals are great for schools or institutions.

Mayco NEW Jungle Gems similar in color to the Old JungleGems, these glazes are beautiful with flowing crystals and interesting color combinations.

Mayco Elements are gorgeous new non-toxic glazes in natural earth tones. Surfaces vary from gloss to matte, with subtle variations in each color for a truly unique look. Now labeled as dinnerware safe.

Mayco Elements Chunkies are Elements with Crystals. During firing the crystals spread out to produce a burst of color for a truly unique look. Now labeled as dinnerware safe.

Mayco Pottery Cascades produce special effects when used in combination with other non-toxic glazes. Apply Cascade over or under non-toxic glaze to create spectacular effects. Not labeled as dinnerware safe.

Discontinued - Mayco Pottery Coats simulate other clay bodies such as stoneware and terra cotta. Use as a base for other non-toxic glazes for interesting glaze combinations and techniques. Not labeled as dinnerware safe.

Discontinued - Series 2000 glazes provide a tough, durable and craze resistant surface. The non-flowing characteristics are great for Majolica, water coloring, marbling, glaze butting, decorative brushstrokes, antiquing, stenciling, sponging, spattering or almost any other ceramics technique. Food safe

Western Art the excitement of the old art glazes is back in these newly released Non-Toxic Lead Free glazes.

Western Glosssmooth and beautiful gloss glazes, some with speckles.

Western Matt beautiful and truly no shine at all.

Western Satin smooth and beautiful with a slight satin glow.



Cautionary Glazes

Because they do contain lead or other toxic materials, please remember that these professional glazes should not be used by children in schools or in situations where supervision is required. When using these products use caution. Wash hands frequently, do not put your hands in your mouth, do not eat or drink around these products and do NOT use your mouth to pull a nice point on your paint bristles!!! (gross!) Do not stay in an enclosed room with your kiln during firing of these toxic products.

Cautionary (Professional) fired products include the ASTM D-4236 CAUTION seal (similar to ACMI CL standards) on the label. Products in this section are certified to be properly labeled with information on safe and proper handling and use. These products have also had a toxicological evaluation by a medical expert, and labels disclose any known health risks associated with improper handling of the products.

Due to changing FDA and Consumer Product Safety Commission regulations, always refer to the product label for the most current safety information.

We recommend that you DO NOT apply leaded and non-toxic glazes to the same piece of bisque. The different expansion/contraction of these two glazes could cause the piece to crack or break.

Discontinued - Duncan Red-Coats Opaque Underglazes produce intense, opaque reds when fired under GL612 Diamond Clear Glaze. Red Coats may be used for brushing, sponging and most decorative brushwork. Keep brushes and hands clean and free of oil and salt when working with Red-Coats. Apply Red Coats to bisque only.
Note: Red Coats have been discontinued. For great red underglazes try non-toxic Concepts underglaze for bisque or CoverCoats underglaze for greenware.

Discontinued - Duncan Antique and Art glazes are specialty glazes which fire to a wide variety of finished looks. Antique Blue is unique, a rich blue with gold highlights. Art glazes range from solid to translucent, satin to glossy, some with flecks of color, some with color streaks. All are beautiful.

Discontinued - Duncan Crystaltone glazes are beautiful glazes full of different colored crystals which flow during firing. Paint the glaze on the ceramic bisque for the first two coats, then stir in the crystals for the final coat. Place more crystals near the top of the piece and fewer near the bottom where they may run off. If you aren't careful you could end up with glaze 'feet' on the bottom of your piece, or the glaze could flow off the piece and onto your stilt and kiln shelf.

Discontinued - Duncan Gloss glazes are very shiny and bright, they come in a wide variety of colors, many of them nearly the same as the Envision colors. Gloss glazes are not recommended for food containers and flow freely during firing. Use gloss glazes on candle holders, vases, the outsides of teapots and other purely decorative items.

Discontinued - Mayco OLD Jungle Gem Crystal glazes consist of a base glaze with granules of contrasting glazes. During firing, the crystals spread out to produce a burst of color. Use a fan brush to paint the glaze on the ceramic bisque for the first two coats, then stir in the crystals for the final coat. Place more crystals near the top of the piece and fewer near the bottom where they may run off (forming feet!). The se are Non-Toxic glazes.

Discontinued - Mayco Exotic glazes. Each glaze is so strikingly different that 'Exotic' is the only word that adequately describes them. Some shift from gloss to matte to develop a frosted look, some produce several colors, some contain specks. No two pieces will look exactly alike.

Western Art exotic leaded art glazes. Gorgeous color combinations. Not for use in schools or health care facilities

Western Specialty Opaque gorgeous bright colors and color combinations.

Western Metallics Special, beautiful and unusual metallic glazes. SOME are cautionary, some are not. Check them out!



Overglazes - Gold, White Gold, Halo Gold, Mother of Pearl and Mardi Gras

Overglazes are primarily accent products applied over a fired glaze, then kiln fired at a relatively low temperature (cone 018 - 020). Be sure underlying glaze is overglaze compatible. When using precious metals and lusters on the same piece, apply and fire the metallics first.

Note: always apply with a brush that is designated solely for use with each specific metallic overglaze to avoid contamination. Do not use your Mother-of-Pearl brush on Gold, or vice versa. Clean brushes with OA901 Essence which is also reserved for the type of overglaze applied. Use a permanent marker to write the number of the gold or luster your Essence goes with and have a different bottle of Essence for each overglaze.

When fired, these metallic overglazes yield different shades ranging from yellow gold to white gold and assume a sheen similar to the underlying glaze. If the glaze is glossy the overglaze will be glossy.

The luster is a translucent product that gives underlying colors the iridescent look of mother-of-pearl.



Non-fired Paints

Non-fired products are used exclusively on cone 04 bisque and are for decorative purposes only. Apply a sealer to complete your piece unless otherwise noted on each container. Such pieces should be cleaned with a lightly dampened sponge, they are not dishwasher safe and should never be immersed in water.
Non-fired products are not considered food safe and should not be applied to cups, mugs or dishes which will be used and washed regularly.

Always clean bisque with a damp sponge to remove clay dust prior to application of color.

Sparklers Brush-on Glitter are premixed glitter colors which are permanent and won't flake or rub off. They work on almost any craft surface except fabric. They can be applied directly on the surface and over other acrylic colors. Self sealing.

Ultra Metallics are non-toxic, water-based metallic colors. Their colors are bright, won't tarnish and gleam like real metals. They can be mixed together and with other water-based nonfired colors to create more metallic colors and are self-sealing.


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